家庭綠化裝飾小常識

 

中國室內環境委員會宋廣生主任提出的室內綠化裝飾是指按照室內環境的特點,根據美學、生物學和環境學的原理,利用以室內觀葉植物為主的觀賞材料,使綠化與室內環境相協調,形成一個統一的整體,達到人、室內環境與大自然的和諧統一,從而滿足房間的凈化、美化和綠化的功能。下面向大家介紹一些室內綠化裝飾的小常識,以供參考。
室內綠化裝飾的意義和作用
1、裝飾美化作用。
根據新房裝修以后的室內環境狀況進行綠化布置,不僅僅針對單獨的物品和空間的某一部分,而是對整個環境要素進行安排,可以將個別的、局部的裝飾組織起來,以取得總體的美化效果。特別是現代人在城市的鋼筋混凝土樓房中生活,綠色植物裝飾除了美化室內裝飾外,還可以使室內具有生命的氣息和情趣,享受到大自然的美感和舒適。
2、改善室內生活環境質量
現在人們對新裝修房屋的室內環境污染越來越重視,中國室內環境委員會監測中心研究發現,室內的綠色植物枝葉有凈化室內環境污染的作用,同時植物還有滯留塵埃、吸收生活廢氣、釋放和補充對人體有益的氧氣、調節空氣濕度和降低噪音等作用。夏日陽臺上的牽牛、金銀花、葡萄等綠色植物,不僅可以遮陽,而且可以形成綠色屏障,還可降低室內溫度,有利于節約能源。
3、改善室內空間的結構
在家庭裝修中,綠化裝飾對空間的構造也可發揮一定作用。如根據人們
生活活動需要運用成排的植物可將室內空間分為不同區域;攀援上格架的藤本植物可以成為分隔空間的綠色屏鳳,同時又將不同的空間有機地聯系起來。運用植物本身的大小、高矮可以調整空間的比例感,充分提高室內有限空間的利用率。
家庭和陽臺的綠化布置一般有以下幾種形式:
一、懸垂式:有兩種方法,一是懸掛于陽臺頂板上,用小容器栽種吊蘭、蟹爪蓮、彩葉草等,美化立體空間;二是在陽臺欄沿上懸掛小型容器,栽植藤蔓或披散型植物,使其枝葉懸掛于陽臺之外,美化圍欄和街景。
二、藤棚式:在陽臺的四角立豎竿,上方置橫竿,使其固定住形成棚架;或在陽臺的外邊角立豎竿,并在豎竿間縛竿或牽繩,形成類似柵欄的格局。使葡萄、瓜果等蔓生植物的枝葉牽引至架上,形成蔭柵或蔭籬。
三、附壁式:在圍欄內、外側放置的有爬山虎、凌霄等木本藤蔓植物,綠化圍欄及附近墻壁。還可利用墻壁鑲嵌特制的半邊花瓶式花盆,然后用其栽植觀葉植物。
四、花架式:在較小的陽臺上,為了擴大種植面積,可利用階梯式或其他形式的盆架,在陽臺上進行立體盆花布置,也可將盆架搭出陽臺之外,向戶外要空間,從而加大綠化面積也美化了街景。
五、花槽式:花槽可選擇水泥、磚砌、耐腐木材等。適合較大型花木、位置固定,一些攀緣植物也可種植。可在花池、花槽內,采取防水設施。
家庭和陽臺綠化裝飾中植物花卉的選擇
花箱式可選用一些喜陽性、分枝多、花朵繁、花期長的耐干旱花卉,如天竺葵、四季菊、大理花、長春花等。
采用懸掛式可選用垂盆草、小葉長春藤、旱金蓮等。常用的攀緣植物有常春藤、地錦、金銀花、葡萄、絲瓜等等。
花堆式布置陽臺美化可用的植物種類很多,但應注意層次分明,格調統一,種類不宜太多太雜,可選用菊花、月季、仙客來、文竹、彩葉草等。
不同朝向的房屋和陽臺植物搭配
如果房間或者陽臺是朝南的,光照時間長,可以養些喜歡陽光的花草,如米蘭、茉莉、扶桑、月季等。
如果房間或者陽臺是朝東或朝西的,最好種些蔓生植物,像凌霄、蔦蔓、牽牛花等。
如果房間或者陽臺是朝北的,可以種些耐陰或半耐陰性植物,比如文竹、萬年青、君子蘭、蘭花、四季海棠、龜背竹等。
 

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